European Training Program (ETP)
The Aims of the European Training Program, Envisaged teacher abilities:
The Aim of the Initial Training Program is to enable students to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to become effective teachers of Yoga, and to provide a basis for the continued study of the philosophy, principles, and practice of Yoga.
An effective teacher of Yoga must have the ability to convey the methods of Yoga to students in a way, which will help them to understand the true essence of Yoga, increase their physical and mental well-being, and provide the necessary elements for spiritual growth.
Yoga should be transmitted in a way that is both faithful to the teachings of the Ancient Sages, and cognisant of the worldwide application of Yoga. This means a study and analysis of the different traditional pathways in ways, which will encourage those precious qualities of flexibility and acceptance that have always been characteristic of Yogic thought.
– To identify the main aims and teaching targets common to all
– To maintain flexibility and acceptance of diversity
– To allow federations to be responsible for the content, quality, and quantity of the training they provide
– To create within training candidates the motivation for continued training, provided both by EUY, and the federations.
– To take Patanjali’s principles as a base,
– To develop an intense practice of Hatha Yoga,
– To give preference to traditional forms of yoga – Karma, Bhakti, Jnana, or Raja Yoga.
a) India :
1) Its traditions, history, and culture : The Veda, the Six orthodox Darshanas, the Epics, Hinduism, Tantrism, Buddhism
2) The medicine: Ayur-veda in relation to the Hatha-yoga Pradipika
3)Texts concerning one of the two above mentioned areas:
á Bhagavad Gita
á Some Upanishads
á Samkhya Karika
á Yoga Sutra of Patanjali
á Hatha-yoga Pradipika
á Gheranda Samhita
b) The West :
1) Religious and philosophical traditions, history and culture. (no suggestions are made here as regards the choice of them, complete freedom is left to each School to develop this section as it wishes)
2) Modern sciences (study of man, anatomy and physiology, psychology, holistic health)
PRACTICAL AND THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE
The training programme should enable the candidate to learn:
a) human anatomy, physiology, and the mechanics of movement,
b) the postures mentioned in the classic texts,
c) the families of postures, and their principles (standing, lying, sitting, forward, lateral and backward bending, twists, inversions, balances, equilibrium postures),
d) the Karana, recommended sequences, both traditional and contemporary,
e) how to make the participants more aware of breath in order to progress towards Pranayama, Mudra, and Bandha
f) how to offer the basics of western psychology in relation to the yogic concept of man,
g) how to lead students towards relaxation, concentration, and meditation.
PEDAGOGY – “ART OF TEACHING”
The art of teaching implies the capacity of teaching the spirit and the skills of the tradition of Yoga. The teacher must:
– Adapt the teaching to participants in order to guarantee their safety (contra-indications),
– Structure the progression in a lesson of Yoga (warming-up, stretching, toning, relaxation),
– Design and plan an annual course of lessons,
– Develop the participant’s awareness of health and essence of well-being.
Ethics in relation to: – The teacher with himself,
– The teacher with his students,
– The teachers between themselves,
– The teacher with the external world with respect for all forms of life.
Admission for training: Candidates must:
– Be at least 18 years of age
– Be able to prove that they have already practised Yoga for a minimum of 2 years,
– Show devotion to their practice, and be suitably motivated to become teachers of Yoga.
Duration of course:
– Minimum 4 years, minimum 500 hours of tuition to include tutorials with course tutor(s), seminars, and extra-mural courses, approved by the Training School.
Training hours to be apportioned as below:
THE MEANS cum PRACTICAL AND THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE
(Hatha Yoga and basics of Patanjali) 140 h.
a) Indian tradition, Ayur Veda and texts 60 h.
b) Western tradition, human sciences and texts 40 h.
THE ART OF TEACHING and ETHICS 100 h.
Total of minimum specified obligatory hours 340 h.
Unspecified obligatory hours 160 h.
Minimum TOTAL hours 500 h.
Continuous assessment during the course is made to check the clarity of learning and the knowledge required. To take the final examination, the candidate should provide proof of punctuality and dedication throughout the whole of the course.
The choice of methods chosen for final examination is left to the federations. These methods should include practical exams, oral examination, as well as written and/or oral theoretical exams and a thesis.
– For example written thesis of 40 to 60 pages
– Formal (oral) discussion of thesis
– Written Work (test), responding to about twenty questions covering course content
– Practical Teaching of Yoga Classes
– Written Examination (test) covering the principal subjects
– Oral answers to any question asked by the Jury.